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Protected Areas

Tyśmienica Valley

Bramka-Niewęgłosz,-fot.-M.-Jeżowski-min

Tyśmienica, with its numerous oxbow lakes and ponds, is the main river in the Radzyń district. Due to its diverse landscape, the Valley of Tyśmienica is characterized by rich vegetation. You can find rare plant species, such as: white water lily, yellow water lily, water lilies, marsh gentian, or the world's smallest flower plant – rootless duckweed.

The ornithological values of the area are its major strength. In Tyśmienica Valley, you can find such bird species as: red-necked grebe, kestrel, black-tailed godwit, white-wingedtern, greylag, widgeon, gadwall, garganey, shoveller, common goldeneye, curlew, redshnak, osprey, and mute swan. The Valley of Tyśmienica is partly included in the international environmental protection program: Natura 2000.


In terms of administration, this area covers parts of 10 counties (Borki, Czemierniki, Kock, Ostrów Lubelski, Ostrówek, Parczew, Radzyń Podlaski, Siemień, Wohyń), becoming part of three districts (Lubartów, Parczew and Radzyń). The area of Natura 2000 includes the Tyśmienica Valley in the category: bird refuges (OSOP - Special Bird Protection Areas).

 

Ptaki w Dolinie TyśmienicyTyśmienica Valley is a protected area covering 6262.6 ha and is strictly associated with the Tyśmienica River, with its source in Lake Jeziorze Rogoźno in Łęczyńsko-Włodawskie Lakeland. The beginning of the Tyśmienica Valley is located in the Siemień Pond, and its end - in the estuary of Wieprz River. The width of the valley is very variable.

Its boundaries include groups of small ponds, oxbow rivers and peatbogs, as well as a complex of fish ponds in Siemień, with the area of 790 ha. An interesting fact about these ponds is that they have been built in the 17th century by Tatar captives. Tyśmienica Valey as a bird refuge is precious on the European scale. Alder, wet meadows and willow scrubs are a refuge for many populations of charadriiformes, e.g.: curlews, snipes, ducks, godwits, terns, or rails. You can find here some conglomeration of willows and alders. A portion of the valley is occupied by a poor fen with osiers, birch-trees and aspens.

This valley is the location of regular otter and moose habitation, accompanied by numerous birds. One of the most pronounced species is the noisy black-tailed godwit, whose numbers are estimated at over 600 pairs. Moreover, the ponds are occupied by several dozen pairs of rare red-necked grebe.

 

Stronghold in Niewęgłosz

It is located at the bottom of the outwash valley of Krzna and Wieprz, through which the Tyśmienica River runs. The stronghold is located in a naturally defensive spot. Józef Przyborowski, researcher and great enthusiast of antiquity, studied it in 1876. During his excavation research, only a small portion of the building has been explored. The archeological artifacts that were found then allowed determining the stronghold's period of operation in the 10th and 11th centuries. During the excavation works, a crematory grave was revealed and dated to the period of Roman influence, lying under early Medieval layers.
The stronghold in Niewęgłosz has a double line of ramparts with the diameters of 60 and 100 meters. They are still preserved today on the western and southern side, reaching 2-3 meters high. Near the stronghold, there used to be a settlement, whose existence has been confirmed in 1956 based on numerous pottery fragments found on the nearby hill.

 

"Czapliniec" natural reserve in the "Feliksówka" range

Covers an area of 15.67 ha. It has been established to preserve the breeding spots of gray heron. In the 1980, this species moved to the nearby peasant forest, and has now completely migrated out of the reserve. The area of Czapliniec is covered with single-storied tree stand aged around 180 years, with a thick understory, which consists of: hornbeam, oak, wild apple, rowan, and elderberry. The bush layer is dominated by: raspberry, hazel, blackberry, and spindle-tree. The undergrowth section has such species as may lily, stitchwort, lily-of-the-valley, wood anemones, yellow anemones, white cinquefoil, creeping bugle, common wood sorrel and many others. You can also spot protected species in the reserve, such as: Turk cap's lily, European columbine, and true oxlip. A fact of some interest is that it is the largest concentration of birds compared to other such biotopes.

 

"Annówka" Protected Landscape Area

Part of this area (554.5 ha) is located in the Radzyń district (Borki county). It has been established in 1983. The purpose was to preserve the compact forest complex there, which includes a large percentage of magnificent old trees.

The protection also included forests in the counties: Radzyń Podlaski (100.43 ha), Kąkolewnica (517.10 ha), Ulan-Majorat (4.0 ha), Wohyń (296.15 ha), Borki (101.72 ha) and Komarówka Podlaska (265.25 ha).

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