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Lasy Doliny TyśmienicyForests cover 20% of the district's area. Mixed and pine forests are predominant, with a large proportion of birch-trees. Fragments of riparian forests are preserved at some points in the river valleys. In the southern part of the district you can also find oak-hornbeam forests.

In some forest areas you can see old 100-200 years old tree stands, which include trees protected as natural monuments. Valuable natural elements of the region are its swamp and moor ecosystems.

The largest peatbog complexes can be found in the Valley of Tyśmienica, in the estuary of Bystrzyca and Białka. Whereas small swamps and peatbogs are located in the counties of Kąkolewnica and Komarówka Podlaska, where you can find such plant species as: Lapland willow and swamp willow, string sedge and low birch.

The area of the district is enriched with a group of plant species that are listed amount protected species: broad-leaved helleborine, guelder rose, lily-of-the-valley, foxglove, rolling hen-and-chicks, stiff clubmoss, goat's beard, asarabacca, Turk's cap lily as well as lichens: old man's beard, Iceland moss, beard lichen, cattail and sedges – which grows on the banks of marsh, duckweed and water lily.

In the Czemierniki county, there is the forest complex of Bory Czemiernickie, which is a refuge for many rare species of birds, e.g. hawk, black woodpecker, or honey buzzard. You can also find boar and deer here, as well as many protected plant species. Pasture lands are occupied by lapwings, godwits and terns.

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